This notice came from the island authorities despite the UK and EU agreeing that fisheries agreements between the two would remain in place until the 31 December 2020. But Guernsey, like the other Channel Islands off France’s northern coast, is a self-governing dependency of the British Crown but is not part of the UK and was never part of the EU.
Instead, French fishing boats had access to fisheries around the Channel Islands through an 1964 Treaty between UK and France. The treaty expired on the 31st January last when the UK left the European Union. Originally, Guernsey had agreed to allow French vessels access to their waters during the transition period. Much to the surprise of the French, the Guernsey authorities then introduced a permit system for the French boats
The British Press reported that Guernsey boats were threatened with violence if they entered Normandy ports to land their catch. This was denied by French fishermen who claimed that no such action would be brought against fellow fishermen from Guernsey.
France’s Minister for Europe, Amelie de Montchalin, has said that fishermen should be able to return to the zone by the end of the week, when bureaucratic measures should be in place to give effect to political agreements on how to share the Guernsey waters.
“We have a diplomatic agreement. We received a formal letter from Her Majesty (the Queen),” De Montchalin told AFP on a visit to a fishmonger industry near Caen in Normandy in northern France.
“We have a political agreement… Now we are in implementation.”
According to France’s Agriculture Ministry, the fate of French fishermen in Guernsey waters was governed by a treaty called the Convention of London, which expired with Britain’s EU membership.
France and Guernsey had agreed that access would remain open until the end of the year, though the island government decided that, to replace the treaty, it would introduce a new licencing scheme. The procedure to apply for a licence has yet to be put in place, pending which fishing was temporarily suspended.
The European Commission, added the minister, “has pre-validated a list of boats” that will continue fishing in Guernsey and “we have an agreement with Guernsey that they do not collect any money, that it be without costs”, she said.
Fishing top priority
The EU’s chief negotiator Michel Barnier has identified fishing as one of the EU’s top two priorities in negotiations with Britain on future trade ties, even as Prime Minister Boris Johnson has vowed to reclaim “full control” of British fishing waters.
The topic is urgent for certain countries, notably France, where fish and seafood caught in UK waters account for 30 percent of sales for fishermen.
De Montchalin said that on Monday, in Brussels, “I alerted the commissioners that this subject is not symbolic, that it is key for confidence in future negotiations.”
For the fishermen themselves, it was important “that we do not create a precedent in restricting a small area in the middle of the English Channel for diplomatic reasons”, she said.
According to the chairman of the Normandy Regional Fisheries Committee, Dimitri Rogoff, about fifty boats from Normandy and more than 100 from Britany are “more or less dependent” on the waters of Guernsey – a few hundred individuals in total.
“It’s a bad beginning to the Brexit process because we had to tell boats that they were working on January 30 and then they were off by January 31. Some of them still haven’t set sail again because they have no fishing zone. But there seems to be a willingness to get around this problem from both sides,” Rogoff said in a telephone interview.
“We have sent a strong signal to Europe and the French government that if, by the end of the year, it continues like this, it will be a proper mess,” he said.