Dutch-owned Annelies Ilena. One of the supertrawlers accused of intenisfied fishing in UK MPAs during th COVID-19 crisis.
A Greenpeace investigation reports that in the first six-months of 2020, supertrawlers almost doubled their fishing time in UK Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) compared to the whole of 2019.
In their research Greenpeace say they found that in 2019, supertrawlers spent 2,963 hours fishing in 39 protected areas, while in the first six months of 2020 supertrawlers spent 5,590 hours fishing in 19 marine protected areas (MPAs).
Greenpeace investigators used AIS tracking data from the Lloyd’s List Maritime Intelligence for all trawlers over 100m in operation in UK waters to assess how long they spent fishing in MPAs.
Supertrawler operations in the UK’s protected areas have risen significantly every year since 2017. In 2017, supertrawlers spent just 475 hours fishing in UK protected areas, compared to 5,590 hours in 2020. Some in the fishing community have attributed this increase in activity to Britain’s impending departure from the European Union’s Common Fisheries Policy (CFP).
Supertrawlers are high intensity fishing vessels over 100m long, capable of catching and carrying thousands of tonnes of fish. 23 supertrawlers have been operating in UK waters in 2020 so far. None of these supertrawlers are UK owned.
Greenpeace has named the trawlers as:
ARCTICA – Russian Owned
KAPITAN DEMIDENKO – Russian Owned
KARELIA – Russian Owned
BALTIYSKAYA KOSA – Russian Owned
KAPITAN NAZIN – Russian Owned
ZAMOSKVORECHE – Russian Owned
LIRA – Russian Owned
LAZURNYY – Russian Owned
MAARTJE THEADORA – Dutch Owned
VALERIY DZHAPARIDZE – Russian Owned
NIVENSKOYE – Russian Owned
ANNELIES ILENA – Dutch Owned
YANTARNYY – Russian Owned
KAPITAN SULIMOV – Russian Owned
KURSHSKAYA KOSA – Russian Owned
WILLEM VAN DER ZWAN – Dutch Owned
NAERABERG – Dutch Owned
AFRIKA – Dutch Owned
FRANK BONEFAAS – Dutch Owned
MEKHANIK SERGEY AGAP – Russian Owned
ZEELAND – Dutch Owned
HELEN MARY – Dutch Owned
CAROLIEN – Dutch Owned
Chris Thorne, an Oceans Campaigner at Greenpeace UK, said:
“Our Government cannot continue to allow supertrawlers to fish with ever increasing intensity in parts of our waters that are supposed to be protected. It must step in and put a stop to industrial supertrawler operations within our offshore marine protected areas, something which will be possible after Britain leaves the Common Fisheries Policy.
“Industrial fishing operations have no place in our protected areas. At least 30% of the UK’s waters should be off limits to all industrial fishing activity in a network of fully or highly protected marine areas. A good start towards achieving this would be to ban supertrawlers from fishing in our protected areas for thousands of hours every year.”
The British public overwhelmingly backs a ban on supertrawler operations in UK Marine Protected Areas. A YouGov poll showed that 4 in 5 UK adults back a ban, with support cutting across political divides. Last week over 50 MPs signed an open letter to the Environment Secretary urging him to commit to a ban on supertrawler operations in UK MPAs.
A ban on supertrawlers operating in UK MPAs would be the first step towards designating a network of fully or highly protected marine areas. These should cover at least 30% of the UK’s waters by 2030, to bring the UK in line with the 30×30 target of having 30% of the world’s oceans fully protected by 2030.
A Greenpeace petition, calling for a ban on supertrawlers operating in UK MPAs, has already gathered 213,000 signatures.
A link to the Greenpeace petition can be found here.
MPAs fished in in 2020:
East Rockall Bank
Faroe-Shetland Sponge Belt
Geikie Slide and Hebridean Slope
North-east Faroe-Shetland Channel
Pobie Bank Reef
Rosemary Bank Seamount
South West Deeps (East)
Southern North Sea
The Barra Fan and Hebrides Terrace Seamount
West Shetland Shelf
Wyville Thomson Ridge
Year on year increase in supertrawler fishing time in UK Marine Protected Areas:
2017 – 475 hours
2018 – 1388 hours
2019 – 2963 hours
2020 (so far) – 5590 hours