The NSAC has issued advice to the Scheveningen Group on the Discard Plan. Photo: DFPO
The North Sea Advisory Council (NSAC) has written to the Scheveningen Group regarding its advice on the Discard Plan.
In the letter to group which is currently under the Dutch presidency od Ms Roos Strating the NSAC writes:
“In April 2021, the NSAC Landing Obligation Focus Group met to discuss the 2022 Discard Plan, to identify possible choke risks and applicable mitigation measures in the North Sea demersal fisheries, and to tackle the issues pertaining to exemptions applied in directed fisheries. In so doing, the focus group considered the latest information provided by the Scheveningen Group of North Sea Member States, STECF, as well as the relevant information and data from our members.
In this paper we will provide you with the most recent information on the North Sea demersal fisheries, recommendations on exemptions, and attempt to comment on the issues related to derogations in directed fisheries. We will do this bearing in mind the difficulties imposed by the Covid-19 pandemic in collection and provision of scientific data.
It is to NSAC’s understanding that the 2022 Discard Plan is to remain roughly within the framework of 2021 Discard Plan with possible additional underpinning as requested by the STECF in its 2020 Plenary Report. We note and support that the existing exemptions are upheld on the basis of sufficient data. Nevertheless, we would like to draw attention to and acknowledge the difficulties in obtaining additional data requested by the STECF due to the ongoing Covid-19 pandemics. In the NSAC, we are concerned about the uncertainty that STECF is causing by not giving advice but merely setting question marks even when the matters in question have been observed/noted before. We find it important that a pragmatic approach will be taken in those cases where additional scientific underpinning of exemptions cannot be (entirely) provided due to the sanitary crisis, and that all existing exemptions remain in place until this problem is resolved.
Plaice is exempted from the landing obligation in many fisheries under the assumption of high survival. However, the NSAC is aware that the level of Nephrops caught in a mixed fishery in trawls has an influence on the survival of plaice, where higher proportions of Nephrops lead to lower survival of plaice. Consequently, there is a need for defining conditions under which the derogation does not apply. In order to ensure a high survival of plaice in mixed fisheries, the NSAC therefore suggest to implement a rule stipulating that when there is more than 50% (in weight) of Nephrops in the catch, the high survival derogation for plaice does not apply and all plaice has to be landed. This shall hold for gear type Otter Bottom Trawl (OTB) TR 1 and 2 and shall be applied based on the estimation of the catch on a haul-by-haul basis as soon as it comes on board.
Finally, and with regard to the ongoing EU-UK negotiations and parallel legislation drafting on both sides, we would like to raise awareness on the need for conformity of regulations for EU and UK waters. Considering the many shared stocks in the North Sea we find it important that any regulations proposed are mutually aligned, so as to uphold the highest ecological and socio-economic sustainability standards in exploitation of marine resources and to ensure level playing field for all North Sea users. With the bilateral negotiations still not concluded, and thus no fixed procedures for swapping in place, we are also deeply concerned that serious choke problems will develop. We will try to address these in our potential subsequent advice.”